Project number:  PN-II-ID-PCE-2012-4-0668
Contract number:  
61/02.09.2013

Total amount:
1.194.569,00 RON

Financing source: Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research, CNCS - UEFISCD

Autoreglarea maternă, practicile parentale și autoreglarea copilului în copilăria timpurie: implicații pentru psihopatologia dezvoltării


Rezumat

 

                 Obiectivul principal al acestui proiect este de a analiza relațiile complexe dintre caracteristicile parentale și cele ale copilului în perioada dezvoltării timpurii (de la 1 an la 4 ani), într-un studiu trans-secvențial (design longitudinal accelerat), derulat pe o perioada de 12 luni. Originalitatea acestui proiect constă în efortul de a conecta piesele de puzzle disparate ale dezvoltării auto-reglării timpurii. Pentru a atinge acest obiectiv în acest proiect vom evalua temperamentul matern, performanța atenției executive, psihopatologia și vom analiza stabilitatea și schimările care pot să apară în temperament și auto-reglare la copil. Totodată, va fi investigată relația complexă, posibil biunivocă, dintre caracteristicile parentale și cele ale copilului și va fi explorat rolul pe care practicile parentale îl dețin în această ecuație (mediatori/moderatori) ai relației dintre variabilele parentale și rezultatele copilului. În cele din urmă, vom analiza rolul variabilelor parentale și ale copilului, precum și interacțiunea dintre acestea în predicția dezvoltării psihopatologiei la copii. O contribuție importantă adusă de acest proiect constă în focalizarea pe o vârstă critică pentru emergența auto-reglării. De asemenea, studierea unor variabile implicate în dezvoltarea auto-reglării la copil ce merg dincolo de efectele individuale, este crucială în dezvoltarea unor intervenții preventive adresate părinților și diadelor părinte-copil.




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Maternal self-regulation, parenting practices and child self-regulation in early childhood: implications for developmental psychopathology

                                                                                                                                                                                                   
Overview

                  This project aims to analyze the complex relationships between parental and child characteristics during early development (from 1 to 4 years)in a cross-sequential study(accelerated longitudinal design)extended over a 12 months period. The originality of the project consists in connecting disparate pieces of the puzzle of early self-regulation development. In order to achieve this objective the project will asses maternal temperament, executive attention performance, and psychopathology and will analyze the stability and change over time of child temperament and self-regulation. In addition, it will study the complex, possibly biunivocal relation between parent's and child's characteristics and will also explore the role parenting practices might play in this equation (mediators/ moderators of the relation between parental variables and child outcomes. Finally, the project will investigate the role of parental and child variables and of their interaction in predicting development of psychopathology in children. An important contribution of this project will consist in focusing on an age that is critical for the emergence of self-regulation. Moreover, studying critical variables implicated in child self-regulation development, beyond individual effects only, can be crucial in designing preventive interventions addressed to parents and parent-child dyads.


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Expected results:

 

1) A database containing up to 180-200 mother-child dyads (1, 2, respectively 3 years of age) with measurements corresponding to each dyad at three time points: T1 – initial assessment; T2 – after 6 months;  T3 – after 12 months, in order to ensure the statistical power to test a multi-variable  model.

 

2) A set of valid and sensitive instruments and experimental procedures adapted for each age group for the assessment of: a) maternal attention/ executive functioning/ maternal self regulation, respectively child attention/ executive functioning/child self regulation; b) maternal temperament and maternal mental health, respectively child temperament and child mental health; c) parental strategies.

 

3) The delineation of possible internal and external mechanisms involved in the development of child psychopathology by using a cross-sequential design.



Research team:


Oana Benga, PhD (PI)
Dorothea Ionescu, PhD
Laura Visu-Petra, PhD
Georgiana Susa, PhD
Irina Pitică, PhD
Mirela Pop, PhD
Melinda Kiss, MD
Gabriela Fechete, MD
Diana Salagean, MD
Ionut Mone, PhD Student
Linda Mihalca
Augusta Ploscariu



Publications

Benga, O., Susa-Erdogan, G. & Murza, P. (manuscript under review). Child and maternal predictors of early childhood anxiety: Different profiles for children with biases towards versus away from threat, Cognition & Emotion.

Susa-Erdogan, G., Benga, O., Mone, I. & Miclea, M. (accepted) The impact of childhood anxiety on processes of attentional executive control in the presence of emotional face distractors , Journal of Experimental Psychopathology.

Corapci, F., Friedlmeier, W., Benga, O., Strauss, C., Pitica, I., Susa, G. (in revision). Cultural Socialization of Toddlers’ Emotional Self-Regulation, Social Development.

Fechete, G. L., Susa-Erdogan, G. &  Benga O. (in minor revision). Internalizing problems in preschool children. Contributions of both child and maternal temperament along with family functioning. Early Childhood Development and Care (Special Issue: Research on Early Child Development in Romania).

Kiss, M., Fechete, G., Pop, M., & Susa, G. (2014). Early childhood self-regulation in context: Parental and familial environmental influences. Cognitie, Creier, Comportament/Cognition, Brain, Behavior, 18(1).

Mone, I., Benga, O., & Ionescu, T. (in press). Grounding development in culture: How to study the influence of culture on development. Studia-psychologia-paedagogia

Mone, I., Benga, O., & Susa, G. (2014). The relationship between cultural model, socialization, goals and parental ethnotheories: A mixed method study. Cognitie, Creier, Comportament/Cognition, Brain, Behavior, 18(3).

Susa, G., Benga, O., Pitica, I., & Miclea, M. (2014). Child temperamental reactivity and self-regulation effects on attentional biases. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 922. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00922

Susa, G., Mone, I., Salagean, D., Mihalca, L., Benga, O., & Friedlmeier, W. (2014). The Relation between Maternal Perception of Toddler Emotion Regulation Abilities and Emotion Regulation Abilities Displayed by Children in a Frustration Inducing Task. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 128, 493-497. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.03.194

Visu-Petra, L., Stanciu, O., Benga, O., Miclea, M., & Cheie, L. (2014). Longitudinal and concurrent links between memory span, anxiety symptoms, and subsequent executive functioning in young children. Frontiers in Psychology, 5. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00443


Conferences

 

 

Benga, O. & Susa-Erdogan, G. (2016). Bidirectional influences between mother and toddler regulatory strategies during delay of gratification paradigm at the 24th Biennial Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Behavioural Development, Vilnius, Lithuania (July 2016).

Susa-Erdogan, G., Benga, O., Mone, I., & Pitică, I. (2016). Positive emotion socialization in the case of Romanian mother-toddler dyads at the 24th Biennial Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Behavioural Development, Vilnius, Lithuania (July 2016).

Benga, O., Susa-Erdogan, G. & Fechete, G. (2016). Father’s and mother’s involvement: the role of parental perceptions of child temperament and their impact on children internalizing and externalizing symptoms at the International Conference on Infant Studies, New Orleans, SUA (May 2016).

Mone, I., Benga, O., Susa, G. (2015). Romanian mothers` cultural model and parental beliefs – A mixed method study, at the 17th European Conference on Developmental Psychology, Braga, Portugal

Benga, O., Susa, G., Mone, I. (2015). Parenting and self-regulation in toddlers, at the 17th European Conference on Developmental Psychology, Braga, Portugal

Benga, O., Susa, G., Pitica, I. (2014). Self-Regulation During Early Childhood: Disentangling Various Forms of Child Self Regulation and Their Predictive Value for Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms in Children at The 23rd Biennial Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Behavioural Development, Shanghai, China (8-12 July) (poster)

Benga, O., & Susa, G. (2014). The Relation Between Maternal Self-Regulation and Child Self-Regulation During Early Development at the XIX Biennial International Conference on Infant Studies, Berlin, Germany, 3-5 July (poster).

Fechete, G., Salagean, D., Kiss, M., Mone, I., Mihalca, L., Benga. O, & Susa, G. (2014). Child and Parental Temperamental Characteristics in the Prediction of Anxiety Symptoms in Preschoolers, at the 35th STAR Conference, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, 2-4 July (poster).

Pitică, I., Benga, O., Susa, G., Mone, I. (2014). Romanian Mothers’ Strategies of Emotion Socialization: A Multi-Method Analysis at the 22nd International Congress of International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology, Reims, France, 15-19 July (oral presentation).

Susa, G., & Benga, O. (2013). Romanian toddlers’ emotion regulation abilities during a delay of gratification task: the role of mothers’ emotion regulation responses and child gender and temperament, at the Regional Workshop organized by International Society for the Study of Behavioral Development (ISSBD) in Budapest, Hungary, 12-14 Septembre 2013 (oral presentation).